New Approach Needed to Dismantle Street Gangs

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    During my research on street gangs, one thing became clear: They are the primary source for drug distribution.  The crimes conducted by these street gangs on a daily basis also include  murder, bribery, extortion, robbery, carjacking, prostitution, human trafficking, and money laundering.  Some gangs concentrate on some of these crimes but all of them have drug trafficking as their number one activity.  This makes them truly a menace to our society.  Yet, we ignore them for the most part.  We tend to be blind to their destruction and terror.  There are 1.4 million street gang members (2011) and we act like they don’t exist.

    There are more than 2.1 million men and women incarcerated.  The majority are there for drug related -crimes.  Approximately 650,000 persons are released from our jails/prisons each year but at least 52 percent will return within three years for parole violation or a criminal act.  It is a social disgrace to have that many human beings incarcerated and then they get into a “revolving door.”  The cost of housing a state prisoner can be as high as $45,000 per year.  Wait – it gets worse.  It is so disappointing that when we persuade a company to hire some of our youngsters for on the job training they cannot pass a drug test.  During the Katrina rebuilding, we warned potential job applicants that they would be tested for drugs and urged them to become clean.  For many it was too late because they were hooked and couldn’t shake it.

    Dealing is a very big “business” for many drug dealers and unlike many other sectors in the U.S., business is booming. The gang leaders don’t have a recruiting program; they “draft” top prospects.  One day, my aunt in Los Angeles asked her grandson if he were in the Crips.  His reply was, “Grandma, I have no choice; it is Crips or die.”

    And these young members have quotas to fill. They must push dope and get as many hooked as possible.  The Peoria, Ill.  Chamber of Commerce once did a job study for Black youth (18 – 30).  The number one employer was the city government; number two was the local utility company and number three was the illegal drug activity.  Peoria has a population of approximately 100,000 persons.  No place of any size is immune from drug trafficking.  I could not find credible estimates of how large the illegal drug business is in America but with certainly it is at least $250 billion per year.  I bet we would be surprised where some of it ends up.

    My brothers and sisters we have an extreme problem that needs urgent fixing.  I would like to see Black elected officials become more active about addressing this problem.  It is my firm belief that withdrawal programs are not the end solution.  We need to come together and do something radically progressive.  Nothing that has been tried in the past has improved this “illness.”

    The time has come for bold, Americana-style action.  The first thing we should do is legalize drugs. Treat it like liquor and cigarettes by taxing it to the limit and regulate it wisely. The demand for illegally transported drugs will soon dry up and the use of street gangs will be a public danger.  We could close many prisons and reduce enforcement officers along with parole and probation officers.

    The next thing we need to do is to write new legislation.  Organized street gangs are already being broadly prosecuted as racketeering enterprises.  The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act (RICO) should be amended to explicitly include street gangs with certain, severe prosecution of their leadership.  Everyone knows who the leaders are and where they live.  A good example of this is how authorities are currently going after the street gang MS – 13.

    According to the Associated Press, “The Obama administration declared the ultra-violent street gang MS – 13 to be an international criminal group ….The aim is to freeze it out of the U.S. financial system and seize what are estimated to be millions of dollars in criminal profits from drug… and other crimes committed in this country”.

    Let’s form a taskforce like the old “Untouchables.” Make them forfeit their assets, bust up their leadership and strongly police our banking system that plays along with some of the vast money laundering that is taking place.  If we follow the money and clean up the inside corruption,  we will begin to turn the tide.  Imagine our nation becoming a populous of people living productive lives once again.  Right now we are just seeing our cultures and neighborhoods slide into oblivion.  It is not something so great that we cannot manage.  Some common sense, a lot of courage and a taste of vision could change it around.  God bless us.

    Harry C.  Alford is the co-founder, President/CEO of the National Black Chamber of Commerce.  Website: www.nationalbcc.org. Email: halford@nationalbcc.org.

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